LAD number:LAD010320100016
Title (main, Eng):Timber markets and trade between Laos and Vietnam: A commodity chain analysis of Vietnamese driver timber flows
Literary indicators:R (Report/ບົດລາຍງານ)
Corporate authors:Object; Object
Publication code(s):Not specific
Author address code(s):Not specific
Report type:Country report, Technical report
Media type:Book
Primary subject category:Trade, marketing and distribution - ການຄ້າ, ການຕະຫຼາດ ແລະ ການຈຳໜ່າຍ
Secondary subject category:International trade - ການຄ້າລະຫວ່າງປະເທດ
Availability:Library Vientiane (Lao PDR)
Publication date:2010-01
Pages (book, total):43
Summary statement:Eng
Language of text:Eng
Descriptors:Forestry development; Logging; Transit trade; Marketing; ການພັດທະນາປ່າໄມ້; ການຕັດໄມ້ທ່ອນ; ການຄ້າແບບສົ່ງຜ່ານ; ການຕະຫຼາດ;
Keywords:Forests;Timber market;Commodity chain analysis;Laos;Vietnam;Illegal logging;
Abstract (Eng):Vietnam and Laos share a border of more than 2,000 km (Figure 1) and have long had a close relationship. Between 2001 and 2005, the total import-export turnover between the two countries reached US$687.8 million (Vietnam Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2008). By the end of 2008, total Vietnamese investment in Laos was more than US$800 million, with 157 projects specializing in hydropower plants, mining and wood processing (Vietnam News, 2009). In the first half of the 2008-2009 fiscal year, Vietnam became the top investor in Lao with 32 new projects totaling approximately US$1 billion, surpassing even China and Thailand (Lao New Agency, 2009). The focus of Vietnamese investments has been hydro-power projects (accounting for 55% of all amount invested), cash crop plantation (29%), as well as food processing and mining (The Gioi Vietnam, 2008); most of the projects are located in central and southern Laos. The Laos government continues to seek ways to raise investors’ interest in the industrial plantation sector. The Vietnamese export-based wood furniture-manufacturing industry has expanded rapidly in recent years, becoming one of the largest furniture exporters in the world. In 2008, total earnings from furniture exports to 120 countries around the world (including Europe, North America, and the Asia Pacific region) accounted for approximately US$2.8 billion, making it the fifth largest contributor to the country’s income from exports (Le Khac Coi, 2008). Currently, there are more than 2,000 wood-processing and 450 wood export companies in Vietnam, employing more than 250,000 people. 80%, or about 4.5 million cubic meters (m3) of the raw materials needed for this exportoriented industry were imported from other countries around the world (Agroinfo, 2009; Figure 2). With approximately 11 million hectares of forest, Laos serves as an important supplier of timber for Vietnam’s wood industry.
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